Barium Sulfate : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions & More
Why is this medication prescribed?
Barium sulfate is used to help doctors examine the esophagus (tube that connects the mouth and stomach), stomach, and intestine by x-ray or computed tomography (computed tomography, computed tomography, a type of body scan). uses a computer to assemble X-ray images to create cross-sectional or three-dimensional images of the inside of the body.) Barium sulfate belongs to a class of medications called radiopaque contrast media. It works by covering the esophagus, stomach, or intestine with a material that is not absorbed by the body so that diseased or damaged areas can be clearly seen by X-ray examination or CT scan.
How should this medicine be used?
Barium sulfate comes as a powder to mix with water, a suspension (liquid), a paste, and a tablet. The powder-water mixture and suspension can be taken orally or can be administered as an enema (liquid instilled into the rectum), and the paste and tablet are taken orally. Barium sulfate is usually taken one or more times before an X-ray examination or a CT scan.
If you are using a barium sulfate enema, the test center will be administered by medical staff at the testing center. If you are taking barium sulfate by mouth, you may be given the medicine after you arrive at the testing center or you may be given the medicine to take at home at specific times the night before and / or the day of your exam. If you are taking barium sulfate at home, take it exactly as directed. Do not take more or less or take it more often or at times other than those indicated.
Swallow the tablets whole; do not break, chew or crush them.
Shake the liquid well before each use to mix the medicine evenly. If you are given a powder to mix with water and take at home, make sure that you are also given mixing instructions and that you understand these instructions. Ask your doctor or testing center staff if you have any questions about how to mix your medication.
You will be given specific instructions to follow before and after your exam. You may be instructed to drink only clear liquids after a certain time the day before your test, not to eat or drink after a specified time, and / or to use laxatives or enemas before your test. You may also be asked to use laxatives to remove barium sulfate from your body after your test. Make sure you understand these instructions and follow them carefully. Ask your doctor or evaluation center staff if you do not receive instructions or if you have any questions about the instructions given to you.
Other uses for this medicine
This medication may be prescribed for other uses; Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking or using barium sulfate,
- Tell your doctor and test center staff if you are allergic to barium sulfate, other radiopaque contrast media, simethicone (Gas-X, Phazyme, others), any other medications, any foods, latex, or any of the ingredients of the type of barium sulfate you will take or use. Ask the test center staff for a list of the ingredients.
- Tell your doctor and test center staff what prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Your doctor will tell you if you should take your medications on the day of your test and if you should wait a certain amount of time between taking your regular medications and taking barium sulfate.
- Tell your doctor if you recently had a rectal biopsy (removal of a small amount of tissue from the rectum for a laboratory examination) and if you have any blockages, sores, or holes in the esophagus, stomach, or intestine; or swelling or cancer of the rectum; Also tell your doctor if your baby or toddler has a condition that affects his esophagus, stomach, or intestine, or has had surgery that affects the intestines. Your doctor may tell you or your child not to take barium sulfate.
- Tell your doctor if you have recently had any type of surgery, especially surgery involving the colon (large intestine) or the rectum if you have had a colostomy (surgery to create an opening for waste to leave the body through the abdomen), intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri; high pressure in the skull that can cause headaches, vision loss, and other symptoms), or if you have ever breathed in food (inhaled food in the lungs). Also tell your doctor if you or someone in your family has or has ever had allergies and if you have or have ever had asthma; hay fever (allergy to pollen, dust, or other airborne substances); urticaria; eczema (itchy red skin rash caused by allergy or sensitivity to substances in the environment); constipation; cystic fibrosis (an inherited condition in which the body produces thick, sticky mucus that can interfere with breathing and digestion); Hirschsprung’s disease (an inherited condition in which the intestines do not function normally); hypertension; or heart disease.
- Tell your doctor if there is any possibility that you are pregnant, if you plan to become pregnant, or if you are breastfeeding. The radiation used in x-rays and CT scans can harm the fetus.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Your doctor or test center staff will tell you what you can eat and drink the day before your test. Follow these instructions carefully.
Drink plenty of fluids after completing your test.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
If you were given barium sulfate to take at home and forgot to take a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Inform testing center staff if you did not take barium sulfate at the scheduled time.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Barium sulfate may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- stomach cramps
- pale skin
- ringing in the ears
Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms tell the staff at the testing center or call your doctor immediately:
- red skin
- swelling or tightening of the throat
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- fast heartbeat
- bluish skin color
Barium sulfate can cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking or after receiving this medicine.
If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor can submit an online report to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting Program (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch) or by phone (1-800-332-1088).
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
If you are given barium sulfate to take at home, keep the medicine in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). You may be asked to refrigerate the medicine to cool it down before taking it.
Unnecessary medications must be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and others cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medicine down the toilet. Instead, the best way to get rid of your medication is through a medication take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local recycling / garbage department to find out about return programs in your community. Consult the FDA’s Safe Drug Disposal website (http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.
It is important to keep all medications out of the sight and reach of children, as many containers (such as those for taking pills weekly and those used for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not resistant to children and children. young children can easily open them. To protect young children from poisoning, always close the safety caps and immediately put the medicine in a safe place, one that is up and away and out of your sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org
In case of emergency/overdose
In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. If the victim collapsed, had a seizure, is having trouble breathing, or cannot wake up, call 911 immediately.
Symptoms of overdose may include:
- stomach cramps
What other information should I know?
Keep all appointments with your doctor and testing center.
Do not let anyone else take your medicine.
It is important that you keep a written list of all prescription and over-the-counter (non-prescription) medications you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should carry this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in emergencies.
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Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.