Benzodiazepine : Abuses, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Benzodiazepine Abuse Overview
Benzodiazepine is a type of drug that is known as tranquilizers. Familiar names include Valium and Xanax. They are some of the most prescribed medicines in the United States. When people without prescriptions receive these medicines for their unconscious effects and use them, they turn into abuse.
• The doctor can write a benzodiazepine for the following valid medical conditions:
3. Alcohol withdrawal
4. Seizure control
5. Muscle relaxation
6. Sign of forgetfulness for uncomfortable procedures
7. Before an anesthetic (before surgery)
• Benzodiazepine acts on the central nervous system, causing sedation and muscle relaxation and low levels of anxiety.
• Although more than 2,000 different Benzodiazepines have been produced, only 15 are currently FDA-approved in the United States. They are usually classified as to how long their effect remains.
1. Ultra-Short Acting – Midazolam (Versed), Triazolam (Halcion)
2. Short acting – Alprazolam (Xanax), Lorazepam (Ativan)
3. Long-acting – Chlordiazepoxide (Librium), Diazepam (valium)
• Benzodiazepines are usually misused. This abuse is partly related to those toxic effects which they produce and also for their widespread availability. They can be abused chronologically or, as is usually seen in emergency departments of the hospital, deliberately or accidentally taken into overdose. Death and serious illness rarely arise from benzodiazepine abuse; However, they are often taken with alcohol or other medicines. Benzodiazepine and alcohol combination can be dangerous – and even fatal even
• Benzodiazepines have also been used in the form of “date rape” drugs because they can be clearly impaired and can even eliminate the actions that are usually given to a person with sexual aggression or attack. Allow to protest. In recent years, finding people involved in them and their belief has increased dramatically. The drug is usually added to powder or liquid forms in alcoholic beverages or even soft drinks and can be difficult to taste.
Benzodiazepine Abuse Causes
Although some people may have a genetic tendency to be addicted to drugs, but there is no doubt that environmental factors also play an important role. Some of the more common environmental impacts are the following social economic status, unemployment and peer pressure.
Benzodiazepine Abuse Symptoms
At normal or regular dose, benzodiazepines relieve anxiety and insomnia. They are usually well tolerated. Occasionally, people taking benzodiazepines may feel wet or dizzy. This side effect can be more pronounced with more dosage.
High doses of benzodiazepine can cause more serious side effects. Symptoms and symptoms of acute toxicity or excess may include the following:
• Blurred vision
• Hate Speech
• Lack of understanding
• Breathing trouble
Signs of abuse of old medicine can be very harmful and it involves changes in appearance and behavior, which affect relationships and work performance. Warning signs in children include sudden change in mood or decline in school performance. Due to the previous abuse of benzodiazepines, the following symptoms may occur, which at first imitate many signs to use them:
Regardless of their many useful uses, benzodiazepines can cause physical and psychological dependence. Dependence can prevent withdrawal symptoms and even seizures when they are suddenly stopped. Only those who take general doses for short period depend only on very few percentages and return. The symptoms of withdrawal can be difficult to separate from anxiety. Symptoms usually develop for up to two weeks after end use anywhere from 3-4 days, although they may appear first with small acting varieties.
When looking for Medical Care
If you have any questions, you can call your doctor, but if you suspect that someone needs urgent therapy, then you should go directly to the emergency department of the hospital.
If you are worried that you or someone else has taken an overdose, then it is very important that you seek medical attention immediately. You should go to the nearest emergency department or call 911 for help. After taking overdoses of someone, the effect can not be immediately apparent.
This will help doctors if you bring the bullet containers with you because it helps them determine the number and type of pills taken.
Exams and Tests
The diagnosis is based on the findings of your medical history, examination and any laboratory tests performed.
• In intense intake, diagnosis is often obvious because you or your family doctor can tell what was actually taken.
• Diagnosis of old drug abuse can be very difficult, because an addict and his or her family often try to hide or hide whatever is happening.
• The job of the emergency department of any potentially poisonous drug overdose involves the initial assessment. Doctors will assess how well you are breathing. The rest of the work depends on you and your symptoms. The doctor will ask about many signs and symptoms. Unless you are unwilling to accept that you are misusing benzodiazepines or family members are present to help you history, it is easy for you to cover the drug abuse.
Monitoring and Testing
• In the emergency department, you will usually be placed on the monitor that assesses heart rate, blood pressure and pulse oximetry (how much oxygen is in your bloodstream). An IV line will be started. If you have a lack of breath or level of consciousness then oxygen is given.
• Sometimes urine medicine is performed on the screen. These lab tests can usually detect many abusive drugs, including benzodiazepines (but may not be able to find all of these). Urine drug screens, however, do not reveal a specific level or amount of medication. Usually all women of childbearing age are also tested for pregnancy.
• Blood samples, ECG and chest x-rays can be obtained if you worry that you have taken other dangerous drugs.
Benzodiazepine Abuse Treatment Self-Care at Home
Drug addicts often deny their problems by using their medication or playing to the extent of faulty jobs or family stress. The most important thing that can be done at home, it is to recognize that there can be a problem and should get help.
• Awareness of abuse signs and symptoms helps with recognition.
• The next step is to try to get help for the person. This can either be done through your doctor or by contacting the help lines of many drugs in your community.
Acute toxicity: Essential treatment usually depends on whether drugs were taken and how much. Often, you only need period of evaluation in the emergency department of the hospital.
• If medicines were taken within the last 1-2 hours, then the doctor could consider gastric lavage. With this process, a large tube is placed directly into your stomach through the mouth or nose. Large amount of water can be pushed into the stomach in an effort to wash the pieces of the pill. It is not used often and only if you are known to swallow other potentially more dangerous drugs.
A dose of active charcoal is recommended for those who come to the emergency department within 4 hours of taking drugs. It works to prevent the drug’s absorption. It is a black powder mixed with water and given to drink. Side effects can include nausea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps.
• An antidote to combat the toxic effects of benzodiazepines called Flumazenil (or Romazicon). This reverses the sedative effect of Benzodiazepine. This, however, is usually reserved for severe toxicity, because it can cause return and seizures in those people who are chronic benzodiazepine addicts, and due to a very short period of action, careful monitoring can require repeated administration. is.
Chronic Abuse: Old Abuse Treatment can usually be done at home with the help of your doctor or specific drug rehabilitation centers. In the first stage, there is a gradual decrease of Benzodiazepine to prevent evacuation and seizures. It is often much easier compared to the long recovery phase, in which the person attempts to remain drug-free. In addition to medical care, a person who misuses these medicines often requires social support and assistance in finding housing and employment. Family and friends involvement in this difficult period can be very helpful.
Next Step Outlook
Although benzodiazepines are commonly misused, they rarely cause serious illness or death unless they are combined with other drugs. Consultation with toxin experts is usually unnecessary. A psychiatrist, however, is often asked to interview a person seen in the emergency department before sending the person home. This is done if there is a concern that the overdose has been deliberately swallowed and the person may be at risk of harming himself or herself or others. Patient treatment may be required.
Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.