Cabergoline : Side Effects, Dosage, Uses, and More
Why it is used
Cabergoline is used to treat hyperprolactinemia (high levels of prolactin in your body). This happens when your pituitary gland creates additional prolactin. The level of high prolactin can be caused by hormonal problems or tumors in your pituitary gland.
From the level of high prolactin, there may be changes in women’s ovary, menstrual cycle and breast milk production. In men, high prolactin levels can affect reproduction and cause sexual issues. These issues include a low sex drive and are not able to obtain or retain a construction.
How it Works
Cabergoline is related to a range of drugs called dopamine agonists. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.
Dopamine is a chemical that makes your body. This prevents your body from releasing prolactin. Cabergoline works by binding to dopamine receptors. It also prevents your body from releasing prolactin, which helps reduce your prolactin levels.
Cabergoline Side Effects
The Cabergoline oral tablet can also cause drowsiness as well as other side effects.
More Common Side Effects
More common side effects of Cabergoline oral tablets may include:
• Weakness or lack of energy
If these effects are lightweight, then they can go within a few days or a few weeks. If they are more serious or do not go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Severe Side Effects
If you have serious side effects, contact your doctor immediately. The serious side effects and their symptoms may include the following.
Scalp of the tissues in your organs, such as your heart, lungs and kidneys. Symptoms may include:
• Difficulty breathing
• Shortness of breath
• A cough that does not go away
• Chest pain that does not go away
• Stomach pain
• Swelling in your feet, ankles, or feet
Heart Valve Problems Symptoms may include:
• Swelling in your arms, legs, arms or legs
• Difficulty breathing
• Changes in your heart rhythm
• Pain in chest
Cabergoline can interact with other drugs
The Cabergoline oral tablet can interact with other medicines, vitamins or herbs that you can take. A conversation occurs when a substance changes the way the drug changes. It can be harmful or prevent medication from working well.
To help prevent conversation, your doctor should carefully manage all of your medicines. Make sure to tell your doctor about all those drugs, vitamins, or herbs. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist to find out how this medication can interact with something else you may be taking.
Examples of medicines which can interact with Cabergoline are listed below.
Drugs that you should not use with Cabergoline
Do not take these drugs from Cabergoline. Doing this can have dangerous effects on your body. These medicines work in the exact opposite way which Cabergoline does. This means that these drugs and Cabergolines will not work well because their effects can cancel each other. Examples of these medicines include:
• Antipsychotic drugs such as haloperidol, thiothixene, chlorpromazine, and prochlorperazine
• Anti-nausea drugs such as metoclopramide or promethazine
This medicine comes with many warnings.
Cabergoline can cause serious allergic reactions. Symptoms may include:
• Difficulty breathing
• Swelling of your throat or tongue
If you have an allergic reaction, call your doctor or local poison control center immediately. If your symptoms are serious. If you have ever received an allergic reaction, do not take this medicine again. It can be fatal to take it again (cause of death).
Warning for people with some health conditions
For those with heart problems: If you have high blood pressure or heart valve problems, you should not use this medicine. It can spoil your condition. If you have high blood pressure, ask your doctor if your blood pressure is in control.
For people with a history of tissue: If you have a history of scarred tissue in your lungs, heart, kidney or abdomen (abdominal area), then you should not use this medicine. It can spoil your condition.
For people with high blood pressure from pregnancy: If you are currently pregnant and have high blood pressure since your pregnancy, then you should not use this medicine. It can spoil your condition.
For people with liver problems: You will not be able to process this medicine properly. It can increase the level of medication in your body and cause more side effects.
Warning for other groups
For pregnant women: Cabergoline is a Category B pregnancy drug. It means two things:
1. When the mother takes the medicine, research in animals has not shown the risk to the fetus.
2. Not enough studies have been done in humans to show whether the drug poses risk to the fetus.
Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to get pregnant. Animal studies do not always predict the way humans react. Therefore, if this drug is explicitly needed it should be used only during pregnancy.
If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, contact your doctor immediately.
For women who are breastfeeding: It is not known that this medicine passes in breast milk. If this happens, then it can cause side effects in lactating children. This medicine can also save you from making breast milk. If you breastfeed your baby, talk to your doctor. You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop stopping this medication.
For Seniors: Older adults kidneys and liver also can not work. This can cause your body to gradually process the medicines. As a result, a medicine stays in your body for a longer time. This increases the risk of side effects.
For children: This drug has not been studied in children. It should not be used in people under the age of 18.
How to get Cabergoline
This dosage information is for the cabergoline oral tablets. All possible doses and drug forms can not be included here. Depending on your dose, drug form, and how often you take medication depends on:
• Your age
• The condition is being treated
• How serious your condition is
• You have other medical conditions
• How do you react to the first dose
Forms and Strengths
Form: Oral tablet
Strength: 0.5 mg
Dosage for high prolactin levels
Adult dose (18 to 64 years of age)
Specific initial dose: 0.25 mg is taken twice per week.
Dose increases: your doctor may increase your dose up to 0.25 mg. This decision depends on your prolactin level. Your doctor may increase your dose once every 4 weeks.
Maximum Dose: 1 mg twice per week
Child dose (0 to 17 years of age)
This drug has not been studied in children. It should not be used in people under the age of 18.
Senior dose (65 years and above)
The kidneys and liver of older adults can not work and they also use them. This can cause your body to gradually process the medicines. As a result, a medicine stays in your body for a longer time. This increases the risk of side effects.
Your doctor may start you with a low dose or a different treatment program. It can help to prevent the level of this drug from being too much in your body.
Take it as a directed
The Cabergoline oral tablet is used for short-term treatment. If you do not set it, then it comes with serious risks.
If you stop taking the medicine suddenly or do not take it at all: the level of prolactin in your blood will be high. In women, high levels of prolactin can change ovulation, menstrual cycle, and breast milk production. In men, high prolactin levels can affect reproduction and cause sexual issues. They include a low sex drive and are not able to build or keep.
If you miss the dose or do not take time on medication: Your medication can not work or stop working altogether. To work well for this drug, you should have a certain amount of time in your body.
If you take too much: There may be dangerous levels of medication in your body. Symptoms of high doses of this drug may include:
• Nasal congestion
• Hallucinations (see or hear things that are not there)
If you believe that you have taken too much of this medicine, call your doctor or local poison control center. If your symptoms are serious, go to the immediate emergency room immediately.
What to do if you miss the dose: As soon as you miss, take your dose. If you remember a few hours before your next scheduled dose, then only take one dose. Do not try to catch two doses at one go. The result may be dangerous side effect.
Explain what the drug is doing: you should decrease the level of prolactin in your body. Your doctor will check your prolactin level with blood launch.
Important consideration for taking this medicine
Keep these thoughts in mind if your doctor decides the cabergoline oral tablet for you.
• You should take this medicine at your doctor’s recommended time.
• You can take this medicine with or without food.
• You can cut or crush the tablet.
• There is no pharmacy stock in this medicine. When filling your pamphlet, be sure to proceed to ensure that your pharmacy takes medication.
• Store the cabergoline at room temperature at 68 ° F and 77 ° F (20 ° C and 25 ° C).
• Place this medicine in the container in which it came.
• Do not bath this medicine in moisture or moist areas like bathroom.
A prescription for this medication is refillable. You must not need a new leaflet to replenish this medication. Your doctor will write the number of authorized refills on your prescription.
While traveling with your medicine:
• Always take your medication. While flying, do not put it in any check bag. Put it in your carry-on bag.
• Do not worry about Airport X-ray machines. They can not hurt your medicine.
• You may need to show the pharmacy label for your medicine to the airport staff. Always carry the original pamphlet box with you.
• Do not put this medicine in your car’s glove box or leave it in the car. Avoid doing this if the weather is too hot or too cold.
You and your doctor should monitor some health problems during your treatment. This can help to ensure that you stay safe while taking this medicine. These issues include you:
Heart function. your doctor can do an echocardiogram (ECG) and other tests to check your heart during and during your treatment. This is to make sure that it is safe for you. If you develop problems with your heart valves, your doctor will stop your treatment with this medicine.
Prolactin levels. Your doctor will conduct a blood test to measure the amount of prolactin in your body. This will help your doctor decide whether you still need treatment with this medicine or not.
Many insurance companies require pre-authorization for this medication. This means that your doctor may need to get approval from your insurance company before paying for your insurance company prescription.
Are there any options?
Other medicines are available to treat your condition. Some may be better for you than others. Talk to your doctor about other drug options that can work for you.