Heroin Effects, Addiction & Treatment
What is Heroin?
Pure heroin (Diacetylmorphine) is a white powder in which it is abused for its impressive effect with bitter taste. Heroin, a highly addictive medicine, is found in morphine alkaloids found in opium poppy plant (Papaver somniferum) and is roughly 2 to 3 times stronger than morphine. This nose is usually injected, smoked or snorted.
Ways to Use
Heroin is often given intravenous (IV) injection, however, it can also be done:
• Vaporized (“smoked”)
• Sniffed (“snorted”)
• Used as a suppository
• Orally swallow
Smoking and heroin sniffing do not produce “quick” or quicker in the form of IV injections. Oral injection is usually not “quick”, but the use in the suppository form can have intense intense effects. By any given route, heroin can be addictive.
Effects of Heroin Use
• After the injection, the user feels the increase of euphoria (“crowd”) with warm flushing, dry mouth and heavy skin of the skin.
• After this initial enthusiasm, the user has an alternative to the awakened and sleeping situation.
• Due to depression of the central nervous system, mental functioning takes place.
• Short-term Heroin effects of abuse appear immediately after a dose and disappear within a few hours.
Other Heroin Effects may include respiratory depression, narrow (“pinpoint”) students and nausea. High volume Heroin Effects may include slow and shallow breathing, hypotension, blue lips and nails, muscle spasm, impulse, coma, and potential death.
Intravenous use is complex with other issues such as sharing of contaminated needles, toxic reactions to HIV / AIDS, hepatitis, and impurities.
Other therapeutic complications that arise include:
• Demolished nerves
• Quick abortion
• Endocarditis (inflammation of the heart lining and valve).
Heroin Addiction and Withdrawal
With regular use, tolerance develops, where the abuser should use more heroin to get the same heroin intensity or heroin effect. Since high doses are used over time, physical dependence and addiction develop.
• With physical dependence, the body has been adapted in the presence of the drug and the usage is reduced or there may be signs of withdrawal on closing. With addiction, a person uses the opiate to get high rather than using them to control pain.
• Extraction, which can be done at the beginning of a few hours of regular abuse, may be cold, anxiety, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea and vomiting, swan bump (“cold turkey”) Brightness kills movements and other symptoms.
• After the last use, symptoms of major withdrawal are reduced between 48 to 72 hours and almost a week later.
• Sudden withdrawal by poorly-dependent heavily dependent users is sometimes fatal, although heroin withdrawal is considered to be less dangerous than alcohol or barbitrate return.
Addiction can remove the healthy and contributing member from the society, and may lead to serious disability and eventually death.
What to do in a Heroin Overdose?
Contact emergency personnel immediately. Heroine overdose is a medical emergency, which requires treatment with Naloxone.
Symptoms of opioid overdose include extreme drowsiness, blue lip and nail, slow or stop breathing, pinpoint students, slow heart rate, coma, death.
U.S. In more often, the heroin purchased on the road is contaminated like “cut” or other dangerous and extremely powerful opioids, such as fentanyl or carfentanyl. These agents are often fatal to the user, and death has been reported.
• For use in the community, Naloxone comes in the form of a nasal spray (Narcan Nasal) or injection device, in which there are oral instructions produced in (Evzio). If Naloxone is available, you can administer it to someone who is overdue.
• In many pharmacies now you can reach Naloxone without prescription to keep in the home or in your car in case of an overdose emergency. This is especially recommended if you have friends or family members who have undergone opioids or treatments. Ask your pharmacist about access to Naloxone in your state. Read the instructions for administering Naloxone before an emergency.
• Naloxone (Narcan, Narcan Nasal, Evzio) usually results in the reaction of opioid induced respiratory depression within 2 minutes.
Retraction with Naloxone may be necessary because the action of naloxone (30 to 120 minutes) may be less than the function of opioid.
Respiratory support, intravenous fluids, and other supportive medicines may be required.