Methylphenidate Hcl Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions
GENERIC NAME(S): Methylphenidate Hcl
Concerta or Methylphenidate is used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder – ADHD. It works by changing the amount of some natural substances in the brain. Methylphenidate belongs to a class of medicines known as stimulants. It can help to increase your ability to pay attention, focus on one activity, and control behavior problems. It can also help you organize your work and improve your hearing skills.
How to use Methylphenidate
Before starting Methylphenidate, read the medication guide provided by your pharmacist and every time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take Methylphenidate with or without mouth directed by your doctor, usually once in the morning. Taking this medicine late can lead to sleep problems (insomnia).
Swallow Methylphenidate with a full glass of liquid (8 oz / 240 ml). Do not crush or chew this medicine. Doing this increases the risk of side effects, you can release all medicines at once. Also, do not divide the pills until they have a score line, and your doctor or pharmacist asks you to do this. Swallow whole or split tablet without crushing or chewing.
Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit of it. To help you remember, take it at the same time every day.
Dosage is based on your medical condition and treatment response. Your doctor may direct you to increase or decrease your dose. In addition, if you have used it for a long time, do not stop using this drug without consultation with your doctor.
Methylphenidate may be the reason for the withdrawal response, especially if it has been used regularly for a long time or in high doses. In such cases, symptoms of withdrawal (such as depression, thoughts of suicide, or changes in other mental / mood) can happen if you suddenly stop using this medicine. To prevent withdrawal responses, your doctor may gradually reduce your dose. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information, and immediately report any refund responses.
This medication can not work even when used for a long time. Talk to your doctor if this medicine stops working well.
Although it helps many people, but this medicine can sometimes cause addiction. If you have any substance use disorder (such as excess / drugs or alcohol addiction) then this risk can be high. Take this medicine properly to reduce the risk of intoxication. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.
Feeling of nervousness, lack of sleep, lack of appetite, weight loss, dizziness, nausea, vomiting or headache can occur. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
An empty pill shell can appear in your stool. This effect is harmless because your body has already absorbed the drug.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that the benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.
Concerta or Methylphenidate can increase your blood pressure. Check your blood pressure regularly and tell your doctor if the results are high.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have a serious side effect, including: Problems with flow of blood in fingers or toes (such as chills, numbness, pain, or changing skin color), abnormal on fingers or toes Wound, fast / fast / irregular heartbeat, change in mental / mood / behavior (such as movement, aggression, change in mood, abnormal thoughts, thoughts of suicide), unControlled muscle movements (such as moving, shaking), sudden outbreaks of words / sounds which are difficult to control, vision changes (such as blurred vision).
If you have a very serious side effect, seek medical help, including: unconsciousness, seizures, heart attack symptoms (such as chest / jaw / left hand pain, shortness of breath, abnormal sweating), a stroke The symptoms of (like) weakness on one side of the body, dull speech, sudden vision change, confusion).
Rarely, when using this drug in men (including young boys and adolescents), painful or longer periods of time may be produced for 4 or more hours. Carers / parents should also be cautious for this serious side effect in boys. If there is a painful or long-term build up, stop using this medicine and get medical help immediately, or there may be permanent problems. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, get medical help immediately, including: granular, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In America – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada – Call Your Doctor for Medical Advice on Side Effects You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.
See also the warning section.
Before taking Concerta or methylphenidate, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or dexmethylphenidate; Or if you have any other allergens. This product can have passive elements, which can cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using Methylphenidate, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: high blood pressure, problems in blood circulation (such as renal disease), glaucoma, heart problems (such as irregular heartbeat, heart Family history of heart problems (such as sudden cardiac death, irregular heartbeat), mental / mood disorders, heart failure; Personal / family history of psychosocial disorders, depression), uncontrolled muscle movements (motor tics, Tourette’s syndrome), hyperthyroidism (especially anxiety, stress, movement), mental / mood disorders (such as bipolar disorder, depression) ), Personal / family history of seizure disorder, throat / stomach / intestinal problems (e.g contraction / interruption)
This medication can make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana can make you feel more dizzy. Unless you can safely do it, do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution. Limit alcoholic beverages. If you are using marijuana, talk to your doctor.
Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products that you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).
If used for long periods of time, then this medicine can affect a child’s growth rate, weight and last adult height. In order to reduce the risk, the physician may periodically advise to stop the medication. Regularly check the weight and height of the child, consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, especially in sleep problems, weight loss or chest pain.
During pregnancy, Methylphenidate should be used only when it is clearly necessary. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription medicines and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.
Taking the MAO inhibitor with this drug can be a cause of serious (potentially fatal) drug interactions. During treatment with this drug, avoid taking the MAO inhibitor (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, safinamide, selegiline, tranylcypromine). Most of the Mao blockers should not be taken for two weeks before treatment with this drug. Ask your doctor when to start or stop this medication.
Methylphenidate is similar to dexmethylphenidate. When using methylphenidate, do not use dexmethylphenidate medicines.
This drug can interfere with some medical / laboratory tests (including brain scans for Parkinson’s disease), possibly the result of a wrong test. Ensure that the lab staff and all your doctors know that you use this medicine.
If someone is treated and has serious symptoms like having trouble going out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. US residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: vomiting, movement, delusion, sweating, flushing, muscle tingling, hallucinations, seizures, loss of consciousness.
Do not share this medication with others. Sharing it is against the law.
Labs and / or medical tests (such as blood pressure, complete blood count, height / weight monitoring in children) can be performed periodically to monitor your progress or to check side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
Different brands and forms of this drug are available. The effect of all is not the same. Do not change brands or forms without consulting your doctor or pharmacist.
If you miss a dose, then as soon as you remember, take it. If it is near the time of sleep or next dose, then leave the missed dose. Take your next dose at regular times. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Keep this medicine away from light and moisture at room temperature. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines in the toilet and do not drain them. When this period expires or does not need it, then properly release this product. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.