Midazolam Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions
COMMON BRAND(S): Versed
GENERIC NAME(S): Midazolam
Midazolam, marketed under the trade name Versed, among others. This drug is used in children before drowsiness or anesthesia due to drowsiness, anxiety, and disease of forgetting the process. It should be used when the child is under the supervision of a health professional. This is not for home or long-term use.
Midazolam is related to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines, which creates a calming effect on the brain and nerves (central nervous system). It is thought to work to increase the effect of a certain natural chemical (GABA) in the brain.
How to use the Midazolam HCL
A health care professional will prepare and measure your dose. Take Midazolam guided by your doctor. It is usually given as a single dose before a procedure or anesthesia.
Dosage is based on your medical condition, medical reaction, weight and other medicines you may be taking.
Midazolam may be the reason for the withdrawal reaction, especially if it has been used regularly for long or high doses. If you stop using this medicine suddenly, in such cases, withdrawal symptoms may be (such as moving, sweating, vomiting, stomach / muscle spasms, visits). To prevent withdrawal responses, your doctor may gradually reduce your dose. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information, and immediately report any refund responses.
Although it helps many people, but this medicine can sometimes cause addiction. If you have any substance use disorder (such as excess / drugs or alcohol addiction) then this risk can be high. Do not increase your dose, take it often, or use it for longer periods of time. If this medicine stops working well then talk to the doctor. When instructed, stop the medication properly.
Avoid eating grapes or grape juice while treating Midazolam, unless the doctor tells you otherwise. Grape can increase the amount of some medicines in the bloodstream. Consult the doctor or pharmacist for more information.
See also the warning section.
Nausea, vomiting, dizziness or drowsiness may occur. If any of these effects persists or worsens, immediately inform the doctor or pharmacist.
Remember that the doctor has prescribed Midazolam because he or she has decided that the benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have any serious side-effects, including: Changes in mental / mood (e.g, movement, aggressive behavior), uncontrollable movements (e.g, shaking / tremor), slow / fast heart beat, change in vision (E.g., blurred vision).
If you have a serious side effect, get medical help immediately: unconsciousness, fast / slow / shallow breath.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, get medical help immediately, including: granular, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice the other effects listed above, contact the doctor or pharmacist.
In America – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking a Midazolam, tell the doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or other benzodiazepines (e.g., diazepam); Or if you have any other allergens. This product may have passive elements (like cherry flavoring), which can cause allergies or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
If you have some medical condition then Midazolam should not be used. Before using this drug, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: Glaucoma (narrow-angle).
Before using this drug, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: kidney disease, liver disease, problems in breathing (e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, sleep apnea), Heart Disease ( e.g., congestive heart failure) (open-angle), disorders in a personal or family history of a substance (e.g. excessive drugs / alcohol intake or addiction).
Midazolam may make you dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana can make you more dizzy or deaf. Unless you can safely do it, do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution. Avoid alcoholic beverages. If you are using marijuana, talk to your doctor.
Before performing the surgery, tell the doctor or the dentist that you are using this medicine.
Babies and children younger than 3 years may experience risk for slow brain growth using sedation procedure (including midazolam) for procedures / surgery. Talk to the doctor about the risks and benefits of this drug.
This drug is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It can harm an unborn child. Babies born for mothers using similar drugs for a time were symptoms such as irritability, abnormal / constant crying, vomiting or diarrhea. Consult your doctor for more details.
Midazolam passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
See also the warning section.
Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription medicines and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.
Some products that can interact with Midazolam include: delavirdine, HIV protease inhibitors (e.g., ritonavir, saquinavir, atazanavir), sodium oxybate.
Other medicines can affect your body’s removal of Midazolam, which can affect the way Midazolam works. Examples include azole antifungals (such as itraconazole, ketoconazole), macrolide antibiotics (such as erythromycin), cimetidine, rifamycins (such as rifabutin, rifampin), St. John’s wort, certain anti-seizure medicines (such as carbamazepine, phenytoin), calcium channel blockers (such as diltiazem, verapamil), certain SSRIs (such as fluoxetine, fluvoxamine), nefazodone, conivaptan, among others.
If Midazolam is taken with other products that can cause a loss of sleep or breathing, then the risk of severe side effects (such as slow / shallow breathing, severe drowsiness / dizziness) can increase. Tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you have any other products like opiate pain or cough relief (such as codeine, hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana, sleep or anxiety medications (e.g, alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol, cyclobenzaprine), or antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine).
Check the label on all your drugs (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products), because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.
If someone is treated and has serious symptoms like having trouble going out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. US residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: loss of sleepiness, confusion, coordination
Do not share this medication with others. Sharing it is against the law.
This drug has been prescribed for your current procedure only. Until a doctor is asked not to do so, do not use it for any other situation or procedure, in that case a different medication may be necessary.
Laboratory and / or medical tests (e.g, breathing, blood pressure, heart beat) should be periodically monitoring your progress or checking side effects. Consult the doctor for more information.
Not Applicable. This medicine is given in the hospital, clinic or doctor’s office and will not be stored at home.
Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.