Sitagliptin Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions
Sitagliptin is used with other drugs to control a proper diet and exercise program and possibly high blood glucose. It is used in people with type 2 diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nervous problems, loss of organs and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke.
Sitagliptin is a diabetes drug that works by increasing the level of natural substances called Incretins. Incretins help to control blood sugar by increasing the release of insulin, especially after meals. They also reduce the amount of sugar that makes up your liver.
How To Use Sitagliptin
Before starting the use of Sitagliptin, read the medication guide provided by your pharmacist and every time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take Sitagliptin with or without mouth, as directed by your doctor, usually daily once daily.
Dosage is based on your medical condition, kidney function and treatment response. Take Sitagliptin regularly to get the most benefit of this. To help you remember, take it every day at the same time. Carefully follow the medicine treatment plan, diet plan and exercise program recommended by your doctor.
Regularly check blood sugar guided by your doctor. Take care of the results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if the measurement of your blood sugar is too high or too low. Your diet / treatment may need to be changed.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that your benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.
Although Sitagliptin usually does not cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) in itself, low blood sugar may occur if the drug is prescribed with other diabetes medications. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist whether you have low doses of other diabetes medicines.
Symptoms of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, tremors, pulsation, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or jerking of hands / feet. It is a good habit to take glucose tablets or gel for the treatment of low blood sugar. If you do not have these reliable forms of glucose, then increase your blood glucose faster by drinking a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor about immediate reaction. The possibility of low blood sugar is high if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually heavy exercises, or do not consume enough calories from food. To help prevent low blood glucose, dine at regular times, and do not leave food. To find out from your doctor or pharmacist to find out what you need to eat.
Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increase in urine, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and breath odor. If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor immediately. Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication.
Tell your doctor away from any serious side effects, including: signs of kidney problems (such as changes in urine volume), joint pain, abnormal skin blisters, symptoms of heart failure (such as shortness of breath, swelling Ankle / leg, abnormal fatigue, abnormal / sudden weight gain).
If you have a very serious side effect, get medical help, including: symptoms of pancreatitis (such as frequent nausea / vomiting, loss of appetite, severe stomach / stomach / back pain)
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see any of the symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, immediately seek medical help: granules, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, breathing difficulties
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking Sitagliptin, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or if you have any other allergens. This product may contain passive elements, which may cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using Sitagliptin, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: kidney disease, heart failure, disease of pancreas, gallstones in your gallbladder (gallstones).
You may experience blurred vision, dizziness or drowsiness due to very little or high blood sugar. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any such activity for which you need a vigilance or a clear vision, unless you’re not sure that you can do such activities safely.
Limit alcohol while taking Sitagliptin as it can increase your risk of developing low blood sugar.
When your body is stressed (such as a fever, infection, injury or surgery), it can be difficult to control your blood glucose. Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a change in your treatment plan, medication or blood sugar test.
Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products that you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).
Sitagliptin should be used only during pregnancy only when it is clearly necessary. Pregnancy can be the cause of diabetes or worse. If you are pregnant, discuss a plan with your doctor for managing your blood glucose. Your doctor may change your diabetes treatment during your pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits of various treatments (such as diet, exercise and medicines including insulin).
It is unknown whether this medicine passes in breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.
Beta-blocker medicines (such as metoprolol, propranolol, glaucoma eye drops such as timolol) can prevent rapid / fast heartbeat when you usually feel that your blood glucose is very low (hypoglycemia), low blood glucose levels Symptoms, such as dizziness, appetite or perspiration, are unaffected by these drugs.
Many medicines can affect your blood glucose, which makes it difficult to control. Before starting, preventing or changing any medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist about how medicines can affect your blood glucose. Regularly check your blood glucose as directed and share the results with your doctor. Tell your doctor immediately if you have symptoms of high blood sugar or high blood sugar. (See side effects section.) Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication, exercise program or diet.
If someone is treated and has serious symptoms such as difficulty in getting out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. American residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center.
Do not share this medication with others.
Keep all medical appointments. Laboratory and / or medical tests (such as the Kidney Function Test, Blood Glucose, Hemoglobin A1c) should be done prior to your treatment, periodically to monitor your progress, or to check side effects.
Participate in the Diabetes Education Program to learn more about how to manage your diabetes with medicines, diet, exercise and regular medical examinations.
Learn the symptoms of high and low blood sugars and how to treat low blood glucose. Check your blood glucose regularly as directed.
If you miss a dose, then as soon as you remember it, take it. If it is near the next dose time, then leave the thesis dose. Take your next dose at regular times. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines under the toilet or drain them in the drain. When this period expires or is not required, leave this product appropriately. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.