Erythrasma: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Erythrasma is a surface skin infection that causes brown, scaly skin patches. This coriine bacterium is a normal part of the minuscimal, skin vegetation (microorganisms that are usually present on the skin).

Erythrasma is a bacterial infection that affects the skin. It usually appears in the skin dome. It is usually seen in hot or humid climate, and usually bacteria are caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum. Erythrasma is the condition of old or long-term skin.

There are two types of Erythrasma: generalized and interdisciplinary. Intermediate foot is the most common bacterial infection and usually does not show any symptoms. Not only is this aesthetically indispensable condition, but there is evidence to support that Erythrasma may be the starting signal for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Normalized erythrasma is usually seen in diabetes mellitus type 2 where the wounds go beyond the areas of the body where the skin is rubbing together. It is prevalent in diabetes and obesity, and hot climate; It is spoiled wearing this attractive dress.

The presence of erythrasma is approximately 4% and is likely to be higher in the sub-tropical and tropical regions compared to the rest of the world. It is found more common in African Americans due to dark skin, and even though both genders are affected, it is usually found more frequently in men for thighs and leg areas. A great contributor in this transition is a weakened immune system that comes with old age, so it is more sensitive to disease than older people; This does not mean that youth can not be affected. Epidemiology background of Erythrasma is partially unsolved.

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Signs and Symptoms
Erythrasma’s lace is initially pink, but it quickly develops to become brown and scaly (like the skin starts flowing), which are rapidly distinguished. Erythrasma patch is usually found in moist and interdisciplinary areas (folded areas of the skin – like side by side of the breast, grain) and can be well defined patch or irregular. The most common is the interdigital Erythrasma, which is of the foot, and can be present in the form of a scaling of the toe web interspaces, fishering, and old non-resolution brakes. Little webbed spaces between the toe, or other body area skin make it difficult to separate from different tinea. The patient is usually otherwise insensitive.

Causes
Erythrasma is caused by chorenebacterium miniatim. This bacteria mostly grows in moist and warm environments. Great contributors are poor hygiene, obesity, hyperhidrosis, old age, diabetes mellitus, and a poor immune system. Only a few factors can be seen for prevention. In addition to avoiding damp and warm environments, cleanliness can also be improved. Other therapeutic agents due to Erythrasma are underlying illnesses which can not be easily prevented, which can sometimes make this condition indispensable.

Diagnosis
Difference Diagnosis for Erythrasma ‘, which includes psoriasis, candidiasis, dermatitis and intergovernmental organizations. Clinical images alone can be diagnosed on. However, a simple side-room probe with wood lamps is more useful in diagnosing Erythrasma. The ultraviolet light of a wooden lamp causes a special coral red color to cause fluorosis, which separates it from other skin conditions such as tinea versus, which can fluoresce to the copper-orange color. Another way to isolate Erythrasma is to compare / contrast the general results of these findings through cultures related to bacteria and mycology. These are both non-invasive routes.

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Erythrasma is often mistakenly diagnosed as a dermatological infection that is a fungal infection and does not have bacterial infection. The difference here is that fungi are multicellular and eukaryotes whereas bacteria are single-cell prokaryotes. It is important to isolate because the way they reproduce, this will indicate how the infection will spread throughout the human body.

Mechanism
Corynebacterium is the minutissimum bacteria that causes this infection; often the club size rods seen under the microscope after the blurred process, which is the result of the snapping division that looks like a pit fence in them. This bacteria is Gram-positive, which means that it has a very thick cell wall which can not be rotated easily. Electron microscopy verifies the bacterial nature of erythrasma, thus reducing electron density in keratinized cells at the spreading sites. [7] This means that bacteria break down keratin fibrils in the skin and cause arthritis. Corynebacterium consume minutissimum carbohydrate such as glucose, dextrose, sucrose, maltose, and mannitol. [8]

A little Webbed appears in the empty space between the toes (or other body areas of the skin thighs like thighs / gron area) in Erythrasma mostly atmospheric areas, which are more prevalent in dark-skinned humans. As a person age, they are more sensitive to this infection. This bacteria is found not only in hot atmospheric areas, but also in warm and sweaty parts of the human body. Corynebacterium minutissimum is best here because of the fungal growth promoted in these areas and allows it to be repeated. This is more prevalent in African Americans due to their skin pigmentation.

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Treatment and Diagnosis
The initial treatment area for minor Erythrasma can begin with clean and dry and antibacterial soap. To eliminate topical fusicic acid, micraniazole cream, and bacteria at the next level will be treated with antibacterial solutions such as clindamycin HCL. For aggressive type of Erythrasma, oral antibiotics such as macrolides (erythromycin or azithromycin) can be determined.

How is the Erythrasma Prevented?
You may be able to do many things to prevent Erythrasma:

•  Keep your skin dry and clean.
•  Make sure you dry your skin completely after bathing.
•  Avoid excessive sweating if possible.
•  Make sure your shoes are dry before wearing.
•  Wear clean, dry clothes.
•  Try to avoid hot or humid areas.
•  Treat underlying medical conditions like diabetes.
•  Use antibacterial soap to prevent repetition.

What is the approach?
Erythrasma can be treated. Most people respond to treatment within two to four weeks. However, it is possible for Erythrasma to be chronic and return. If you have a medical condition that affects your immune system, then it is more likely to occur.

Generally, Erythrasma is a lighter position. It should not interfere with your ability to do normal activities.

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